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Sunday, November 29, 2020 | History

2 edition of Socio-economics of the introduction of alley cropping systems in traditional farming found in the catalog.

Socio-economics of the introduction of alley cropping systems in traditional farming

Ralf Schlauderer

Socio-economics of the introduction of alley cropping systems in traditional farming

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  • 6 Currently reading

Published by Wissenschaftsverlag Vauk in Kiel .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Agroforestry -- Africa, West.,
  • Hedgerow intercropping -- Africa, West.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. 184-191).

    StatementRalf Schlauderer.
    SeriesFarming systems and resource economics in the Tropics -- v. 29.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsS494.5.A45 S356 1997
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxvii, 235 p. :
    Number of Pages235
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19864942M
    ISBN 103817502702

    Some multipurpose, low-input technologies and agroforestry approaches have been designed to improve the productivity of these traditional systems; these include inter/mixed cropping systems and rotations, alley cropping with leguminous trees and shrubs, use of planted 'fallow,' planting tree legumes on anti-erosive lines, mixed farming. Part 2: A Global Toolkit of Practices & Species 6. Annual Cropping Systems 7. Livestock Systems 8. Perennial Cropping Systems 9. Additional Tools Introduction to Species For this discussion, the emphasis is to be on how we can use the information from the book to . Alley cropping regenerates degraded land, which helps crops grow. Alley cropping increases the nutritional value of fruits and vegetables. Unpredictable weather can be withstood, meaning crops are more resilient. Alley cropping is sustainable and benefits the natural environment. Generally, the overall productivity (crops + trees) in agroforestry systems is higher than that in sole cropping systems. Nair [ 5 ] defined agro-forestry as “a land use system that involves deliberate retention, introduction or mixture of trees or other woody perennials in crops and animal production to benefit from the resultant ecological Author: Ram Prakash Yadav, Jaideep Kumar Bisht, Vijay Singh Meena, Mahipal Choudhary.


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Socio-economics of the introduction of alley cropping systems in traditional farming by Ralf Schlauderer Download PDF EPUB FB2

Socio-economics of the introduction of alley cropping systems in traditional farming. Status completed Project begin Socio-Economic Conditions for the Introduction of Agricultural Innovations in Farm Households in Southern Benin Schlauderer, R. Farming Systems in Jordan.

Pages, ISBN: Vol. 29 Schlauderer, Ralf Socio-economics of the Introduction of Alley Cropping Systems in Traditional Farming - the case of Southern Benin. Pages, ISBN: Vol.

30 Mutlu, Petra. Social and Institutional Change in Agricultural Development Institute of Agricultural Sciences in the Tropics (Hans-Ruthenberg-Institute) Projects in the course of the publication Socio-economics of the introduction of alley cropping systems in traditional farming.

Alley cropping allows the famer to effectively use available resources and yield more benefits. Choosing suitable associated crop and mitigating the competition between trees and crops are crucial for designing the alley cropping systems.

We conducted a long-term experiment, including apple (Malus pumila)/peanut (Arachis hypogaea), apple/millet (Setaria italica) and apple/maize (Zea mays Cited by: 1.

Poverty alleviation and environmental preservation are very important issues to many governments. Alley farming is beneficial to the environment because it conserves soil and sustains yields over time. Specifically, alley farming reduces soil erosion, which is a major problem in Thailand.

Alley farming was conducted on a farmer’s field at Khaokwan Thong, a village in Uthaithani Province Cited by: 2. A variation of agroforestry is represented by the so-called alley-cropping systems (ACSs) for the production of woody biomass for energy purposes, in which several hedgerows of fast-growing trees.

cropping is an attempt to increase yields and prevent the decline in soil fertility often found in traditional farming systems. A maize alley cropping experiment was established on a Typic Gibbsihumox to measure 1) maize yield response to alley cropping, 2) apparent.

agencies because little knowledge existed about traditional production methods and cropping practices, and the economics of new technologies.

The purpose of this study was first to identify Socio-economics of the introduction of alley cropping systems in traditional farming book fully describe the traditional farming system in the village of Deguela, Mali.

T he crop system is a subsystem of cropping system. For example, in the maize crop system, maize is the dominant crop which i s grown in association with other crops. l Double-cropping (also known as sequential cropping) is the practice of planting a second crop immediately following the harvest of a first crop, thus harvesting two crops from the same field in one year.

This is a case of multiple cropping, which requires a season long enough and crops that mature quickly enough to allow two harvests in one Size: KB. Socio-economics of the introduction of alley cropping systems in traditional farming.

Doctoral thesis. Farming Systems and Resource Economics in the Tropics, Cited by: 4. Species number of carabidae in a short rotation coppice plantation (SRC), an alley cropping system with short rotation coppice strips with different tree species in combination with rye under conventional farming (AC), a rye field under organic farming and a 9-year-old fallow on arable land (AL).Cited by: The ancient practice of multiple cropping is in creasing in importance as farmers intensify land use to remain competitive and provide the increasing world demand for food, feed, fiber, and industrial crops.

Hundreds of succession and interplant multiple-cropping systems are possible. SCHLAUDERER, R.: Socio-Economics of the introduction of alley cropping systems in traditional farming. The case of Southern Benin. Published in: DOPPLER, W. (eds.): Farming Systems and Resource Economics in the Tropics, Vol.

29, pages, Wissenschaftsverlag Vauk: Kiel (ISBN ) AL-BAQAIN, R. In southern Benin, West Africa, two alley cropping systems were studied from to Yield development was followed in a maize and cassava crop rotation vs. intercropping system, with alleys of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit and Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.

a no-tree control, with and without NPK fertiliser. Without alleys, NPK fertilisation maintained high yield levels of 2–3 t Cited by: Introduction.

Alley cropping or hedgerow intercropping is an agroforestry practice in which perennial, usually leguminous trees or shrubs are grown simultaneously with an arable crop.

The trees, managed as hedgerows, are grown in wide rows and the crop is planted in. Agroforestry systems can also provide benefits through reducing the cost of purchased inputs, labour or period to use the land again. For example, nitrogen contribution through use of leguminous woody species in alley cropping systems with rice is less costly, despite higher labour requirements, than using chemical fertilizers[37].

Alcorn, J. Indigenous agroforestry systems in the Latin American tropics. – in Agroecology and Small Farm Development, M.A.

Altieri and S. To address the issue of crop environment and crop productivity, the concepts like organic farming and regenerative agriculture alley cropping can play its role.

This book emphasized the effect of tree species and alley widths on tomato production and soil nutrient at various nitrogen levels along with pruned : Subrata Sarker. 3 Agroforestry in the farming system 23 Trees in different parts of the farm 23 Climate, farming system and agroforestry 25 4 Practical applications of agroforestry 28 Live fences 29 Hedgerow barriers 33 Windbreaks and shelterbelts 38 Parklands (scattered trees) 44 Alley cropping SCHLAUDERER, R.

(): Socio-Economics of the introduction of alley cropping systems in traditional farming. The case of Southern Benin. Published in: DOPPLER, W. (eds.): Farming Systems and Resource Economics in the Tropics, Vol. 29, pages, Wissenschaftsverlag Vauk: Kiel (ISBN ) The farming systems of the South Pacific Island countries are either presently, or have recently been derived from agroforestry systems, which are greatly valued.

There is a wealth of indigenous and technical knowledge available about these traditional systems and the use of trees in farming, but little of it is available for extension specialists to use in further sustainable development of. Part I: low-external-input and sustainable agriculture (leisa): an emerging option; Agriculture and sustainability; Sustainability and farmers: making decisions at the farm level; Technology development by farmers; Part II: Priciples and possibilities of leisa; Low-external-input farming and agroecology; Basic ecological principles of leisa; Development of leisa systems; Part III: Linking.

Traditional agroforestry systems, like the Indonesian agroforests (Michon, ) or the Brasilian “rubber jungle” (Schroth et al., ), can maximize labor productivity, but the technologies developed at ICRAF, like alley cropping and hedgerows planted on contour lines, usually lead to higher yield but lower labor productivity, at least in Cited by: processes in the agroforestry system into a single comprehensive volume that will be useful to Batish et al./Ecological Basis of Agroforestry _C Final Proof page ix pm Compositor Name: VBalamugundan ix.

Culture and Agriculture dramatizes the extensive changes that are occurring in modern agriculture due to the intensified use of fossil energy. The book details how the overdependence on fossil energy, with its looming exhaustion, is a major cause of pessimism about food by: Alley cropping: a potential option for subsistence and sustainable farming through fertilizer saving and soil improvement in plain land ecosystem of Bangladesh.

Paper presented in the First World Congress of Agroforestry, held on 27 June to 02 July,Florida, USA. Book of Abstracts, P. Miah, M.G., Bari, M.N.

and Rahman, M.A. Cropping systems based on natural fallow have already vanished in the peri-urban south and are set under high pressure in the cotton growing central belt.

Access to external inputs suffers from severe constraints and only cotton-growing farmers may get seeds regularly and are able to buy fertilisers and pesticides on credit.

Agroecology for food Security And nutrition Proceedings of the fAo internAtionAl symPosium septemberrome, italy IE/1/ BiodiVerSity & ecoSySteM SerViceS in AgriculturAl Production SySteMS ISBN 9 Agroecology is the science of applying ecological concepts and principles to the. Inga Alley Cropping is the revolutionary alternative to slash and burn developed by Inga Foundation’s Director, Mike Hands, based on the insights gained through over a decade of research into slash and burn in partnership with Cambridge University.

This publication focuses on low-input, self-sufficient, and sustainable techniques for growing food in the Pacific. The chapters cover a range of time-tested traditional agroforestry systems, modern agroforestry systems, local sources of soil fertility, pest and disease control, livestock, and getting started with planning and implementation.

An urban couple settled with a diversified and organic farming system which aims to food self-sufficiency for the family and a quality of the products with self consumption and selling. The agroforestry is present there in the form of sylvopasture for the pigs and the dairy.

Alley cropping systems provide a way to lower risk by diversifying production. In alley cropping an agricultural crop is grown simultaneously with a long-term tree crop to provide annual income while the tree crop matures.

intercropping and crop rotation, their advantages. Intercropping and crop rotation are alternative strategies applied in multiple cropping, the growing of two or more crops in the same piece of cropping systems have resulted to increased farm production and profitability per unit land area in.

It is only in recent years that the role of forestry in food security has been receiving attention as a result of the increasing realization of the dependence of rural people on trees and forests to meet important needs like food or income.

As part of the Community Forestry Programme of FAO's Forestry Department a number of studies were commissioned in order to uncover existing information and.

Multiple cropping is a form of Ecological Intensification that is potentially highly sustainable when two or more crops are grown at the same time or in a sequence. [1] It does this by balancing three key ecological processes: competition, on the one hand, and commensalism (one plant gaining benefits from the other) or mutualism (both plants benefitting each other) on the other.

[2]. Multistory Cropping In this system, farmers and ranchers harvest trees, crops and livestock to make the most of their land. This method is especially popular outside the U.S. and is also known as "forest farming." In many countries native forests are managed in order to produce crops or forage.

Agroforestry systems can be advantageous over conventional agricultural and forest production methods. They can offer increased productivity, economic benefits, and more diversity in the ecological goods and services provided. Biodiversity. Biodiversity in agroforestry systems is typically higher than in conventional agricultural systems.

Two or more interacting plant species in a given area create a more. The LER of maize grain yield under alley cropping was greater than because of lower yield of maize yield under the sole system compared to alley cropping in nearly all seasons. The biomass yield of the hedges under alley cropping and sole planting systems were similar when the highest yielding sole planting system was used in LER computation.

Current position and research activities. Currently I’m a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in agronomy and crop science at the Institute of Life Science of Sant’Anna school of advanced studies of Pisa - Italy and CEO of TELLUS () an university spin-off job activities are focused on the agroecological transition of conventional livestock production systems towards.

Agroforestry Systems January - December TITLE: Agroforestry Systems AUTHOR: Jane Gates Alternative Farming Systems Information Center National Agricultural Library PUBLICATION DATE: February SERIES: QB UPDATES: QB NAL Call no.: aZN3 no CONTACT: Alternative Farming Systems Information Center National Agricultural Library Room.Leguminous crops play an important role in developing sustainable and low input crop production system and have shown good potential for inclusion in alley cropping systems.

Hence, a study was carried out at the Teaching and Research Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University to evaluate the productivity of an impaired ultisol under cassava/maize for over six Author: I A Nweke.A report in 5 sections. Following an introductory section, a comprehensive review is presented (in sections 2 and 3) of the concept, principles, application and effects of alley cropping (developed in the mids at the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria, on the basis of traditional agroforestry systems), as practised in : S.

Lorenz.